Early Childhood Education
Early childhood education is broadly believed to be a good thing, improving the chances of educational success for children. The government provides some free early childhood education, but there’s debate about whether this is enough.
Save thisIncrease funding for early childhood education(...)Why
National believes that early childhood education is an important social investment for the Government because earlier and more targeted interventions make a larger difference for children and young people. Increasing funding for early childhood education should help to give all children this opportunity.How
National would continue investing in early childhood education. As part of Budget 2017, the National Government allocated an additional $386 million of operating funding over four years for early childhood education providers.
$35.5 million of this is targeted at early childhood education services with children most at risk of underachievement. This funding can be spent on hiring more teachers, providing transport, or lowering fees among other things.
National estimates this funding will provide an additional 31,000 early childhood education places over the next four years.
Save thisIncrease funding for early childhood education(...)Why
The Green Party believes that the National Government’s cuts to funding for early childhood education have put young children’s education at risk. All families should be able to trust that their children are receiving high-quality care and education. Increasing funding for early childhood education should help make this a reality.How
The Green Party would increase funding for early childhood education.
Save thisReduce teacher to child ratios(...)Why
The Green Party believes that high teacher to childhood ratios undermine the quality of early childhood education. Improving these ratios should ensure all young children have a positive experience in early childhood education.How
The Green Party would reduce teacher to child ratios in early childhood education by incrementally reducing class sizes. The priority for class-size reduction would for under two year olds.
Save thisSupport pay parity for early childhood, primary and secondary teachers(...)Why
The Green Party believes that all levels of education are important contributions to society. Teachers should accordingly be paid the same, subject to their qualifications and responsibilities, regardless of whether they work in early childhood, primary or secondary schools.How
The Green Party would support pay parity for early childhood, primary and secondary teachers. Pay would be based on qualifications and responsibility.
Save thisRestore funding for all early childhood education teachers to be qualified(...)Why
Under current rules, only half of teachers at an early childhood education centre need to be qualified. The Green Party believes this is too low. Restoring funding for centres with 100 per cent qualified teachers should ensure children get access to teachers who are trained to respond skillfully to the range of developmental and learning needs that different children have.How
The Green Party would restore funding for all early childhood education teachers to be qualified. A target would be established to achieve 100 per cent qualified staff in teacher-led early childhood education centres. The Green Party estimates that this would cost $32 million a year.
Save thisIncrease education funding for children with disabilities(...)Why
The Green Party believes that every child has a right to be fully included and thrive in the education system. But many children and their families have struggled to access the support services that they need.
Many schools and early childhood education centres have not been provided with enough resources to ensure a fully inclusive school culture. Increasing funding for inclusive education should ensure every child gets to fully participate in school life.How
The Green Party would increase funding for inclusive education by $315 million per year.
This funding would support a full-time Children’s Champion for every 400 children to coordinate support for children with high needs. This role is currently called a Special Education Needs Co-ordinator but would be renamed.
A School Camp fund would be established to support students with additional learning needs to attend camps and other activities.
Funding for the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme and the Early Intervention Service would be doubled immediately. Funding under these schemes would eventually be uncapped and enough would be provided to meet each student’s needs.
The Green Party would also centrally fund school support staff. At the moment support staff have to be paid from a school’s operations grant, which also covers all operational aspects of running a school.
Part of the funding increase would also go to a $25 million fund for targeted learning support professional development for all primary, secondary and ECE teachers. The curriculum for teacher training would also be expanded to address skills needed for work with high needs students.
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Save thisReinstate requirement that all early childhood education teachers are registered(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that we need to improve the quality of all early childhood education services as early childhood development plays a big role in shaping a child’s future. In 2010 the National Government cut funding for early childhood education providers with fully trained teachers. Reintroducing this requirement should improve the quality of early childhood education, ensuring children get the best start in their education.How
New Zealand First would reinstate the requirement for all early childhood education teachers to be trained, qualified and registered.
Save thisReview adult to infant ratios in early childhood education centres(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that we need to improve the quality of all early childhood education services. Currently adult to infant ratios at early childhood education centres are too low. This is an urgent health and safety matter.How
New Zealand First would review adult to infant ratios in early childhood education centres.
No more information is available.
Save thisIncrease funding and support for Playcentre(...)Why
New Zealand First says that the involvement of family can play a valuable part in a child’s education. Playcentre is a parent-led early childhood education service unique to New Zealand. Further funding Playcentre should ensure that more children can benefit from quality parent-led education.How
New Zealand First would conduct a funding review of Playcentre with a view to supporting its growth. Playcentre is a parent-led early childhood education provider that is unique to New Zealand. This review would focus on ensuring that realistic operational support is provided for Playcentre in rural areas.
$5 million in funding would be provided per year for administration, compliance and structural support staff. $500,000 would also be provided for new initiatives to increase participation in Playcentre for targeted communities.
New Zealand First would also liaise with NZQA to ensure that the pathway for Playcentre qualifications gained by parent teachers can be credited towards the Diploma in Early Childhood Education.
Save thisImprove access to early childhood education in isolated rural communities(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that many rural and isolated communities are losing access to early childhood education providers. This is a problem because early childhood education services are often the backbone of communities.How
New Zealand First would amend funding criteria to improve access to early childhood education for isolated rural communities, possibly by providing more mobile kindergartens. Similarly, New Zealand First would review funding for Playcentre to ensure it has realistic operational support to provide services in rural areas.
Save thisExplore new ways to fund Te Kōhanga Reo(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that the involvement of family plays a valuable part in a child’s education. Community education services that do so, like Te Kōhanga Reo, the Māori immersion education programme, also provide significant support networks for parents and communities.
Exploring new ways to fund Te Kōhanga Reo should protect the Māori language, support communities and recognise Te Kōhanga Reo as an essential stakeholder in early childhood education.How
New Zealand First would explore new ways to fund and deliver Te Kōhanga Reo, the Māori immersion early childhood education centre.
New Zealand First would work with Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust, which governs the Kōhanga Reo programme, to develop a supportive and sustainable funding model for Te Kōhanga Reo. It would also explore the option of Te Kōhanga Reo funding being re-allocated to the Ministry of Maori Affairs.
Save thisRequire early childhood education centres to employ 80 per cent registered teachers(...)Why
Labour says that the National Government has cut funding for early childhood education centres that have only qualified teachers. Now only half of teachers at an early childhood education centre need to be qualified.
This has had an impact on the quality of early childhood education. Requiring early childhood education centres to employ 80 per cent registered teachers should ensure that all children receive high quality education, giving them the best start in life.How
Labour would require early childhood education centres to have 80 per cent of their staff be registered teachers within three years.
Labour would also increase funding for centres that employ 100 per cent qualified and registered teachers.
Save thisReduce teacher to child ratios and group sizes(...)Why
Labour believes that teacher to child ratios are too high. It is too much to expect one teacher to care for five under two year olds at the same time.
This is affecting the quality of early childhood education but the National Government has abandoned its 2008 campaign promise to address this issue. Reducing teacher to child ratios and group sizes should ensure that all children receive high quality education, giving them the best start in life.How
Labour would reduce teacher to child ratios and group sizes.
Save thisFund new early childhood centres in areas with low provision(...)Why
Labour believes quality early childhood education plays a vital role in preparing children for success in further education and in life. But in some areas there are few early childhood education centres.
Supporting new public early childhood education centres in these areas should ensure all children have access to quality early childhood education.How
Labour would provide grants to establish new public early childhood centres in areas of low provision.
Labour would also only provide subsidies for new centres if a need for the centre in the proposed location can be established.
Save thisDevelop early intervention programmes addressing the needs of vulnerable children in the most deprived areas(...)Why
Labour believes that investment in children is one of the most important investments any government can make. All children should get the best possible start in life.
Intervening early in the lives of vulnerable children in the most deprived areas should help prevent long term disadvantage for children.How
Labour would develop a network of centre-based early intervention programmes addressing the needs of vulnerable children in the most deprived areas.
Save thisDevelop a 10 year strategic plan for early childhood education(...)Why
Labour believes that early childhood education needs to have a clear direction to meet future needs. Working with parents, teachers and other stakeholders to develop a 10 year strategic plan should ensure that a clear direction can be reached.How
Labour would work with parents, teachers, and stakeholders to develop a second version of Ngā Huarahi Arataki – Pathways to the Future, a 10 year strategic plan for early childhood education.
Save thisProvide free, full-time early childhood education for all children three years and over(...)Why
The Opportunities Party believes that early investment in children provides big returns for society in the long run but the current approach to funding it is scattered and inconsistent. The Government provides partial subsidies for parents and some subsidies for providers but too many families still struggle to find affordable quality childcare.
Aiming to provide free and universal early childhood education should ensure all kids, including the poorest, get the best start in life, and give more parents the option to enter the workforce.How
The Opportunities Party would invest more in early childhood education with the aim of eventually providing high-quality, universal, free full-time early childhood education for children three years and over.
The funding would only be for licensed, high-quality child care providers. At first funding would be available only to low income, working families but would eventually be extended to everyone.
The Opportunity Party estimates this policy would cost the government an additional $9 million a year for the first stage, and $985 million a year when it becomes available to everyone. This would be partly offset by increased tax revenue from having more women in the workforce as a result of fully subsidised childcare.
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Save thisIncrease funding for kōhanga reo(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that the revival of te reo Māori must be accelerated. Te reo is the cornerstone of all that is Māori and is vital to ensuring Māori are successful in education.
Increasing support for kōhanga reo should allow more tamariki to attend and benefit from Māori education.How
The Māori Party would increase funding for kōhanga reo, the Māori immersion early childhood education centre, to provide funding parity with Early Childhood Education providers.
Save thisProvide everyone with free early childhood education(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that all children have the right to a free and decent education. But at the moment some children are missing out because it is too expensive.
Making early childhood education free is an important step in ensuring that all children begin their education on the right footing.How
The Māori Party would provide all children with free early childhood education.
Save thisOffer the digital education learning education programmes in te reo Māori(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that the revival of te reo Māori must be accelerated. It is the cornerstone of all that is Māori And its survival will enhance the uniqueness of Māori as a people.
Offering digital education learning programmes in te reo Māori as well as English should help more students learn te reo.How
The Māori Party would re-version the digital education learning programmes in te reo Māori.
Post-secondary study, including at uni, used to be a lot cheaper, but with more and more people taking part, successive governments have said students should pay a greater proportion of the cost, often by taking out a loan from the state.
Save thisFund private and public tertiary education organisations on an equal basis(...)Why
National believes tertiary education organisations should be treated consistently for funding purposes, regardless of whether they are public or private. Increasing the funding available to private tertiary education organisations should ensure all tertiary education organisations have incentives to innovate and to focus more on student demand and outcomes.How
National would fund private and public tertiary education providers on an equal basis. The Education Act would be amended to include a principle of equal treatment for all tertiary education organisations and to require government to fund tertiary education organisations that offer similar programmes of study at the same rate, regardless of whether they are public or private organisations.
Save thisMake tertiary funding more flexible to allow it to change with student demand and the labour market(...)Why
National believes that it is currently too difficult to make changes to the funding mechanisms for tertiary education organisations, such as universities and polytechnics. This results in unnecessary compliance costs and a lack of responsiveness to changes in demand. Increasing flexibility to make funding changes should allow government to be more responsive to changes in student demand and the labour market when funding tertiary education organisations.How
National would give government more flexibility to change the funding for tertiary education organisations in response to changes in student demand and the labour market. The Minister would be able to amend funding mechanisms and impose conditions on funding both before and after the government agrees to provide the funding in question.
Save thisContinue to invest in tertiary education(...)Why
National believes that New Zealand’s success requires a world-class tertiary education system that delivers modern skills, rewards research excellence and helps drive innovation.How
National would continue to invest in tertiary education. As a part of Budget 2017, the National Government increased operational funding for the Performance-Based Research Fund by $52.5 million, tuition subsidies for qualification level three and above by $69.3 million, the international education sector by $6.8 million, and workplace-based literacy and numeracy programmes by $3.5 million.
Save thisContinue interest-free student loans(...)Why
National believes young people shouldn’t start their working lives with unmanageable debt. Keeping interest off student loans gives young people the opportunity to repay their loans more quickly than if they were subject to interest.How
National would continue interest-free student loans for New Zealand based borrowers.
Save thisIncrease payments for students’ accommodation costs(...)Why
National believes that the Government can do more to help people facing high housing costs. Increasing payments to assist students with accommodation costs should help people who are studying keep up with increases in rents.How
National would increase payments to assist students with accommodation costs by increasing the Accommodation Benefit. This is a payment available to some students who also qualify for the student allowance.
The rate of the benefit differs according to regions. The benefit for qualifying students in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch would increase from $40 to $60. The benefit would also increase for other locations, including Dunedin (from $40 to $51), Hamilton (from $40 to $49.50) and Palmerston North (from $40 to $40.50).
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Save thisWrite off student loans in exchange for time spent working in New Zealand(...)Why
NZ First believes that too many students face uncertain futures due to mounting student loan debt and a lack of job prospects. This is limiting access to education even while there are critical skills shortages in some areas of New Zealand. Writing off student loans in exchange for time spent working in New Zealand should address skills shortages in New Zealand and relieve graduates of unmanageable debt.How
New Zealand First would write off student loans in exchange for time spent working in New Zealand. For future graduates, each year of work in New Zealand would result in one year of their student loans being written off. Graduates working overseas would be required to repay their loans in full.
Graduates with current student loan debt would have the opportunity to have their debt written off by working in areas where there are critical regional skills shortages. Graduates in identified areas of shortage would be able to trade a year’s worth of debt for each year of paid full-time work in New Zealand in that area.
Where a New Zealand citizen needs to go overseas to study or work to develop skills for their work in New Zealand, industry groups, such as the Medical Council, would be obliged to find a similarly qualified person to fill in for the citizen while they were away. The time the New Zealand citizen is overseas would count as time towards their student loan write-off. If the New Zealand citizen did not return, the time would be converted back into money debt.
A one year repayment holiday would also be introduced to align domestic borrower’s repayment obligations with borrowers who have moved overseas.
Save thisIntroduce a universal student allowance(...)Why
New Zealand First believes too many students face uncertain futures due to mounting debt and a lack of job prospects. This is limiting access to education. Introducing a universal student allowance should make tertiary education more accessible and reduce the burden of student loan debt on graduates.How
New Zealand First would introduce a universal student allowance.
Currently, the student allowance is means tested for students under the age of 25, which means only students whose parents earn below a certain amount are able to access the student allowance. New Zealand First would end means testing so all students could access the student allowance regardless of how much their parents earn.
The allowance would decrease progressively if a student earned over a certain amount per week.
Save thisInvestigate fraud in the export education sector(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that many international students are coming to study in New Zealand with fraudulent documentation produced by dishonest immigration agents. The government is allowing education providers who are complicit in this fraud to get away with it. Only the students who are deported suffer. Investigating fraud in the export education sector should identify ways to better protect foreign students from fraud and maintain New Zealand’s international reputation.How
New Zealand First would conduct an investigation into fraud in the export education sector.
Save thisFully fund courses that address current skill shortages(...)Why
New Zealand First believes that the country faces significant skill shortages but too many students are taking courses that don’t help them find work. This is costing the government a substantial amount of foregone tax revenue as jobs remain unfilled and is burying young people in debt.
Fully funding courses that address skills shortages should help equip students for jobs and provide employers with suitably qualified workers.How
New Zealand First would fully fund courses that address current skills shortages.
Government departments and Industry Training Organisations would identify skill shortages by developing workforce plans for the next five years and forecasts for the next 20 years. The Tertiary Education Commission would then allocate full funding to courses that fill identified skill shortages, with a five to 10 per cent buffer.
Students would compete for entry to these courses.
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Save thisIntroduce a universal student allowance and increase the accommodation benefit(...)Why
The Māori Party believes many students are withdrawing from study because the costs of living and education are too high. Students don’t have enough support to reach their potential.
Introducing universal student allowances and increasing student support payments should improve completion rates and recognise the contribution all students will make to the workforce.How
The Māori Party would introduce a universal student allowance. This would be adjusted to keep up with the cost of living.
The postgraduate student allowance would also be reinstated.
The Māori Party would also increase the accommodation benefit by 50 per cent. This payment is for accommodation costs for students who qualify for student allowances.
Save thisReduce student loan repayment rates and write off living costs(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that education is key to lifting people out of poverty. But at the moment student loans are too great of a burden on graduates.
Writing off the living costs component of student loans and reducing repayment rates should support recent graduates.How
The Māori Party would write off the living cost component of all student loans.
The Māori Party would also reduce the repayment rates for student loans. Those earning over $40,000 a year would pay 4 per cent of their income towards repayments. Those earning over $50,000 and $60,000 would need to pay 6 and 8 per cent respectively. Currently, loans have to be repaid at 12 per cent of income over $19,136.
The Māori Party would also investigate writing off student loans for those who work in a job equivalent to their qualification in New Zealand for five years.
Save thisIntroduce a zero fee scholarship for ‘First in Whānau’ students(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that education is key to lifting people out of poverty. But educational achievement is currently lower amongst Māori and Pasifika students than non-Māori.
Introducing a four year zero fee scholarship for ‘First in Whānau’ students should provide better access to tertiary education for Māori and Pasifika students.How
The Māori Party would introduce a ‘First in Whānau’ scholarship. This would provide fee-free study for up to four years in a Bachelor-level qualification programme for students who are the first in their family to go to university.
The Māori Party would also partner with iwi and employers to provide more scholarships and internships for whānau and to provide better connections for students to their tribal identity, culture and language.
Save thisAim to double the number of Māori and Pacific students completing a Bachelor degree in three years(...)Why
The Māori Party believes that education is key to lifting people out of poverty. But educational achievement is currently lower amongst Māori and Pasifika students than non-Māori.How
The Māori Party would aim to double the number of Māori and Pacific students completing a Bachelor degree in three years.
Alongside this goal, the Māori Party would aim to reduce the attrition rates of Māori and Pacific students in Bachelor degrees by half by 2025.
Save thisImprove student representation in the tertiary sector(...)Why
The Māori Party believes the student voice, and especially that of minority and marginalised students, is an important contribution to decisions about tertiary education.
Improving student representation should strengthen the student voice and ensure tertiary education organisations properly consider the needs and aspirations of students.How
The Māori Party would make several changes to improve student representation. It would repeal the law which made all students associations entirely voluntary.
The Māori Party would also establish a biennial tertiary summit for students and government Ministers of education, Māori affairs, and science and innovation to collaborate on student aspirations and achievements.
Funding would also be increased for student-led equity initiatives to grow representation of minority and marginalised tertiary students at local, regional, national and international levels.